Missions to Mars

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Only includes unmanned missions where a full timeline is availabe on this website.
Only includes unmanned missions where a full timeline is availabe on this website.

Time (UTC/GMT+0)MissionEvent
Marsnik 1Planned Mars flyby. Launch failure.
Sputnik 22Planned Mars flyby. Exploded in Earth orbit.
Mars 1Contact lost prior to planned Mars flyby at 193,000km.
Sputnik 24Planned Mars lander. Broke up on leaving Earth orbit.
Mariner 3Planned Mars flyby. Launch error caused spacecraft to miss Mars.
Mariner 4Mars flyby
Zond 2Contact lost 3 month before planner Mars flyby at 1,500km.
Mariner 6Mars flyby
Mariner 7Mars flyby
Mars 1969APlanned Mars orbiter. Launch failure.
Mars 1969BPlanned Mars orbiter. Launch failure.
Cosmos 419Failed Mars Orbiter/Lander.
Mars 2Mars orbit. Landing failed
Mars 3Mars orbiter. Landing failed
Mariner 9Mars orbiter
Mars 4Mars flyby. Orbit insertion failed
Mars 5Mars orbiter
Mars 6Attempted Mars lander. Contact lost before touchdown
Mars 7Attempted Mars lander. Missed Mars
1976-06-19Viking 1Mars orbit insertion
1976-07-20  11:53:06Viking 1Lander touchdown on Mars
1976-08-07Viking 2Mars orbit insertion. Initial orbit 1,500 x 33,000 km
1976-09-03  22:37:50Viking 2Lander touchdown on Mars
Mars ObserverFailed Mars orbiter
Mars 96Failed to leave Earth for planned Mars orbit
Mars PathfinderMars rover
1997-09-12  01:30Mars Global SurveyorMars Orbit Insertion. First spacecraft to use aero-braking to achieve its final orbit.
NozomiMars flyby. Orbit insertion failed
Mars Climate OrbiterFailed Mars orbiter
Mars Polar LanderFailed Mars lander
2001-10-24  02:26Mars Odyssey19.7 minute Mars orbit insertion burn
2003-12-25  03:47Mars ExpressMars orbit insertion
2004-01-24  21:05OpportunityOpportunity landing on Mars
2006-03-10  21:32MROClosest approach to Mars (400 km)
2007-02-25  01:57:59RosettaMars Flyby 250 km above surface
2008-05-25  23:38:24PhoenixTouchdown on Mars (0 km)
2009-02-18  00:27:58DawnMars Flyby. Altitude 542 km
2012-01-01Mars ExpressCurrent end of mission

Indexed Targets (by location)
Planets and Moons
Sun
Mercury
Venus
Earth
.. Moon
.. L2
Mars
.. Deimos
.. Phobos
Jupiter
.. Amalthea
.. Callisto
.. Europa
.. Ganymede
.. Himalia
.. Io
Asteroid Chiron
Asteroid Pholus
Uranus
Neptune
.. Triton
Pluto
.. Charon
Planets and Moons
Saturn
.. Atlas
.. Calypso
.. Daphnis
.. Dione
.. Enceladus
.. Epimetheus
.. Helene
.. Hyperion
.. Iapetus
.. Janus
.. Methone
.. Mimas
.. Pallene
.. Pan
.. Pandora
.. Phoebe
.. Polydeuces
.. Prometheus
.. Rhea
.. Telesto
.. Tethys
.. Titan
Minor Planets
Ceres
Asteroids
APL (2002JF56)
Eros
Gaspra
Ida
Itokawa
Lutetia
Masursky
Mathilde
Steins
Vesta
Geographos
Comets
d'Arrest
Enke
Churyumov-Gerasimenko
Giacobini-Zinner
Grigg-Skjellerup
Halley
Hartley 2
Honda-Mrkos-Pajdusakova
Schwassmann-Wachmann-3
Tempel 1
Wild 2
Borrelly